All publications of Nothing It Seems like . Mundargi , India
FUTURE WORLD TECHNOLOGY
Is anybody thought of humans living with machines.
Most people hear the term Artificial Intelligence, the first thing they usually think of is ‘robots ‘.Thats because big-budget films and novels weave stories about human-like machines that wreak havoc on Earth.But nothing could be further from the truth.
Artificial Intelligence refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem solving.
In computer science, Artificial Intelligence, some times called as machine intelligence, is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans.
Colloquially, the term“Artificial -Intelligence” is often used to describe machines (or computers)that mimic “cognitive” functions that humans associated with the human -mind, such as “learning” and “problem solving”.
Some leading textbooks AI can be define as the study of intelligence- agents any device that percives its environment and takes actions that maximizes it’s chance of successfully achieving its goal.
The artificial beings appeared as story telling devices in antiquity, and have been common in fiction, as in Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein or Karel Capek’s R.U.R(Rossum’s Universal Robots).These characters and their fates raised many of the same issues now discussed in the ethics of artificial intelligence.
Artificial Intelligence is based on the principle that human intelligence can be defined in a way that a machine can easily mimics it and execute tasks,from the most simple to those that are even more complex.The goals of Artificial Intelligence include learning , reasoning, and perception.
As technology advances, previous benchmarks that defined artificial intelligence become outdated.For example, machines that calculate basic function or recognize text through optical character recognition are no longer considered to embody artificial intelligence, since this function is now taken for granted as an inherent computer function.
The study of mechanical or ” formal” reasoning began with philosopher and mathematicians in antiquity.The study of mathematical logic led directly to Alan Turing’s theory of computation, which suggested that a machine, by shuffling symbols as simple as “0” and “1“, could simulate any conceivable act of mathematical deduction.This insight,that digital computers can simulate any process of formal reasoning,is known as the Church-Turing thesis.Along with concurrent discoveries in neurobiology, information theory and cybernetics, this led researchers to consider the possibility of building an electronic brain.Turing proposed changing the question from whether a machine was intelligent ,to whether or not it is possible for machinery to show intelligent behaviour.The first work that is now generally recognized as AI was McCullough and Pitt’s 1943 formal
The term “Artificial Intelligence ” was coined by McCarthy, a researcher who later founded AI labs at MIT and Standford.
In early 1950s, the study of “thinking- machines ” had various names like cybernatics,automat theory, and informationprocessing.McCarthy wanted a new, neutral umbrella term that could collect and organize these disperate research efforts into a single field focused on developing machines that could simulate every aspect of intelligence.
During the early days, the pioneers of AI didn’t believe that machines would behave intelligently and definitely did not consider the possibility that machines will eventually far surpass all the intellectual activities of any man.
However, when the result proved to be astonishing computers being and to solve numerical problems, invent mathematical proofs that were more elegant than the original, follow instructions and answer questions in English, organizations like DARPA poured tens of millions of dollars into AI projects at MIT, Carnegie Mellon, Standford.
Over the years, as the cost of computing started declining and processing power got more powerful, AI is now able to run a more complex algorithm on more data than ever.
For several decades now, there has been a raging discussion about whether robots or AI will take over humanity.
AI TAKEOVER is a hypothetical scenario in which artificial intelligence(AI) becomes the dominant form of intelligence on Earth, with computers or robots effectively taking the control of the planet away from the human species.Possible scenarios include replacement of the entire human workforce, takeover by a superintelligent AI, and the popular notion of a robot uprising.Some public figures,such as Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk ,have advocated research into precautionary measures to ensure future superintelligent machines remain under human control.Robot rebellions have been a major theme throughout science fiction for many decades though the scenarios dealt with by science fiction are generally very different from those of concern to scientist.
Most of the people believe this to be an impossibility as they are convinced that machines can never to be smarter than computers.
However there is growing number of people who believe that it is not only possible but inevitable that the rise of Artificial Intelligence will result in a total takeover of humanity.The prospect of an AI takeover can fill a person with dread , as it’s uncharted territory and the consequences can be extreme.When a solution is not forthcoming, then one prefers to bury one’s head in the sand and focus on the daily tasks that keep these dark secenario away.
AI sufficiently developed to be able to predict the likely and possible future scenarios for decades to come.Some of those paths lead to a world where AI raises humanity to a higher plane with incredible wealth for everybody.Other trails, though,lead to world where the fortunate few control AI and, through it, the rest of humanity.There is a third set of outcomes where AI becomes a formidable entity in itself and takes away our control over the world.In this last scenario, AI can maintain us like pets or will simply realize that humanity serves no purpose and will eradicate us from the face of the earth.
There would be no one to blame but us.We are the ones that are facilitating an increasingly advanced AI in this world.So, it is our collective decision if we choose a path of prosperity for thousands of years to come or a way that leads to our destruction.If this does happen, naturally, the question is how and when will AI takeover humanity?
If we can understand which of our actions or decision could lead to this doomsday scenario,then we could possibly find solutions to prevent it.To do this , let us gain an insight into the likely situation that are unfavorable to our existence.