All publications of Anushree Chattaraj . कोलकाता , भारत
Why only "Bidrohi Kobi"
Kazi Nazrul Islam has many virtues. He was born on may 24, 1899, in churulia , paschim
bardhaman district. Kazi Nazrul was born into a Muslim talukdar family to zahira Khatun and
her husband Kazi Faqeer Ahamed , who worked as an "iman" and caretaker at a local
mosque. After his father’s untimely death, he was nicknamed 'Dukhu Mia' by the villagers
because of the hardships he faced in his early life.when he was 10 years old he started
working in his father's profession to support his family.
he attended the Searsole Raj High School in Raniganj in 1910 and then the Mathrun High
English School. But due to financial crisis he abandoned his study and started working as a
cook . After that he started working in a tea shop on asansol. In 1914 he again started
studying and studied up to class 10.
He joined in Indian army as a soldier in 1917.he published his first piece, 'The Autobiography
of a Delinquent' or ‘Saogat’ in 1919.He left army in 1920 .
he got engaged to Nargis, the niece of a well-known Muslim publisher, Ali Akbar Khan in
1921.In 1921, he met a young Hindu woman, Pramila Devi on his visit to Comilla. They fell in
love and later got married in 1924. He had 4 sons of which his first son Krishna Mohammad
prematurely and his second son Bulbul died of smallpox.
In 1941, he was shaken by the death of Rabindranath Tagore. Within months, he himself fell
seriously ill and gradually began losing his power of speech. Eventually, his mental
dysfunction intensified and he was admitted to a mental asylum in 1942.In 1952, he was
transferred to a mental hospital in Ranchi and then to Vienna for treatment where he was
diagnosed with Pick's disease. He returned to India in 1953 and in 1962 his wife died while
he remained in intensive medical care.On August 29, 1976, he died in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
He was buried beside a mosque on the campus of the University of Dhaka.
Now the qustion is he contributed us many varieties of work . He wrote 4000 songs and
wrote poems like Dolan Chapa (name of a faintly fragrant monsoon flower), 1923
Bisher Bashi (The Poison Flute), 1924
Bhangar Gan (The Song of Destruction), 1924 proscribe in 1924
Chhayanat (The Raga of Chhayanat), 1925
Chittanama (On Chittaranjan), 1925
Samyabadi (The Proclaimer of Equality), 1926
Puber Hawa (The Eastern Wind), 1926
Sarbahara (The Proletariat), 1926
Sindhu Hindol (The Undulation of the Sea), 1927
Jinjir (Chain), 1928
Pralaya Shikha (Doomsday Flame), 1930 proscribed in 1930
Shesh Saogat (The Last Offerings), 1958 (wikipedia). Short stories like Rikter Bedan (The
Sorrows of Destitute), 1925
Shiulimala (Garland of Shiuli), 1931
Byathar Dan (Offering of Pain), 1922.(wikipedia) Novels like Bandhan Hara (Free from
Mrityukshuda (Hunger for Death), 1930
Kuhelika (Mystery), 1931(wikipedia) and hw wrote drama and plays like Jhilimili (Window
Shutters), plays, 1930
Aleya (Mirage), song Putuler Biye (Doll's Marriage), children's play, 1933
Madhumala (Garland of Honeysuckle) a musical play, 1960
Jhar (Storm), juvenile poems and play, 1960
Pile Patka Putuler Biye (Doll's Marriage), juvenile poems and play, 1964
Shilpi (Artist). These easyas Joog Bani (The Message of the Age), 1926
Jhinge Phul (The Cucurbitaccus Flower), 1926
Durdiner Jatri (The Traveller through Rough Times), 1926
Rudra Mangal (The Violent Good), 1927
Dhumketu (The Comet), 1961.
It is noteworthy that he "Bidrohi" is a popular revolutionary poem and he composed many
revolutionary songs like "He Parthasarathi " "Karar Oi Louho Kopat" etc . But He
alsocontributed us many songs like "Mor priya hobe aso rani"
"Alo oi boanante Pagolo Bosonto" Gazals like Alga korogo khopar Bandhon "and Funny
songs like "Tui Ulta Bujhli Ram", "Robona Koilaspure" and he created NOBONANDAN (20
It is of twenty beats with five Pads of equal lengths. So, it is a somopadi Taal. Nobonandan
has all five Taalis, at the first, fifth, nineth, thirteenth and seventeenth beats. It has no Khali.
This Taal is used mostly in Nazrul’s songs. But it can be used in serious classical
compositions like Kheyal, and also in Thumri or light classical compositions.SWAGOTA
CHHANDA/TOTHAGOTO (16 BEATS) and he creates his own chanda..
So why he is only " Bidrohi kobi " in India .
He deserves more then it because he is not only "Bidrohi kobi" he is also a good song
composer song writer story and easy writer. He is creates of many tal and chanda ,so he
deserves much more than " Bidrohi Kobi