How 5G technology is critical to India' Kolkata
How 5G technology is critical to India's digital dream
By Avishek Maity
What is 5G?
It is the next generation cellular technology that will provide faster and more reliable communication with ultra low latency. A government panel report points out that with 5G, the peak network data speeds are expected to be in the range of 2-20 Gigabit per second (Gbps). This is in contrast to 4G link speeds in averaging 6-7 Megabit per second (Mbps) in India as compared to 25 Mbps in advanced countries, it added.
Who does it benefit?
With 5G technology, consumers will be able to download data heavy content such as 8K movies and games with better graphics in just a few seconds. But once 5G becomes commercial, users will be required to change their current devices in favour of 5G-enabled ones.
What will be the economic impact?
5G is expected to create a cumulative economic impact of $1 trillion in India by 2035, according to a report by a government-appointed panel. According to a separate report by telecom gear maker Ericsson, 5G-enabled digitalisation revenue potential in India will be above $27 billion by 2026. Additionally, global telecom industry GSMA has forecast that India will have about 70 million 5G connections by 2025.
5G deployment will require overcoming several technological and operational challenges, the biggest one being extensive fiberisation. Most operators are at about 20-25% fiberisation. However, a truly 5G experience will require upwards of 80% fiberisation. The antennae will also need to be upgraded at every site while requiring virtualisation of the core and the access with an entirely new orchestration layer to achieve the critical feature of 5G network slicing.
What about spectrum auction?
The government plans to undertake spectrum auction in the current calendar year. In a first step towards preparing for these auctions, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) had in August last year recommended that entire available spectrum be put to auction in the forthcoming sale. As a result a total of 8,644 MHz of spectrum will be put on sale, making it the largest ever such auction. The total base price of the total airwaves on sale is about ₹4.9 lakh crore.
Apart from creating a positive environment for 5G’s launch in India, the biggest issue GoI needs to resolve is to help telcos overcome the prevailing financial crisis.
The spectrum policy should focus on incentivising heavy investment in 5G, including support for long-term, exclusive, technology-neutral spectrum licences, instead of trying to look for financial windfall right away.
The shift from 4G to 5G is not incremental in nature, but transformational. Given what it means for the entire ecosystem, skipping it is not a choice India can afford.
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CBSE has recently decided to cancel all pending exams for class X and XII and provided some option and clear cut policy for assessment of class X and XII board exams.
The video takes you to all minute information regarding new assessment policy adopted by cbse for students.
It was the month of november and march-pat was going on in our school's play ground.It was a bit cloudy day and it was about to rain but still nobody cared as everybody was busy in doing march-past.I was busy in that too but after completing two rounds of the ground, I saw a girl sitting beside a teacher in one corner of the ground,I was eagerly waiting to know the reason behind her laziness.So,when the teacher moved from her side,I went to her and asked her the reason behinod her laziness and her answer
changed my point of veiw.She replied that "I have a fracture in my knee"
From that day I stopped judging anyone by his/her appearance, gesture or look.