By PRATTAY KUNDU कोलकाता
The sloth bear is native to India, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bangladesh and is sometimes found in tall grasslands that provide dense cover. Sloth bears primarily eat termites and ants, and unlike other bear species, they routinely carry their cubs on their backs.
Sloth bears have a long shaggy, black coat with a dirty white or yellow V shaped marking on their chest. Their face is covered with much shorter hair including their long muzzle which is a dirty white or grey. The hair is longest and thickest behind their ears and on the back of their neck. The color and texture of their coat varies with the seasons.Their thick coat helps protect their skin from insects.Sloth bears have small ears, and they are not good at hearing nor seeing. They have an excellent sense of smell. Male sloth bears can grow to be over 6 feet in length, measure 3 feet at the shoulders when standing on all four, and weigh from 175 to 310 pounds. Females are approximately 67 percent the size and weight of males.
Sloth bears are noisy, busy animals. They snort as they pull down branches to get fruit, dig for termites and ants,snuffle under debris for grubs and beetles.
If threatened, they will stand on two legs, brandishing their clawed forepaws as weapons. Their large canines are used for defense against tigers. They have a number of unique adaptations to support their primarily insectivorous lifestyle. They have no upper incisors, which allow their long tongue to slip through and suck up insects. Their 4-inch-long curved claws are also designed for digging for grubs and tearing apart termite mounds. To prevent termites and ants from crawling into their noses to defend their nests, the sloth bear’s nostrils can close tightly as a barrier. During the dry season, nearly 95 percent of a sloth bear’s diet is insects and during the wet season, they will climb high into the branches of trees to gather fruits, flowers and honeycombs.
The gestation of a female sloth bear typically lasts seven months, after that two cubs are born, although the mother will sometimes give birth to one or three young. The newborns stay in their den until they are about 2 or 3 months old and will remain by their mother’s side until at least 2 years of age. Sloth bears will defend their territories and their young, and despite having “sloth” in their name, the speed at which they can attack is far quicker than the speed at which a human can run. Sloth bears in captivity have lived as long as 40 years. Their average life span in the wild is thought to be closer to 20 years.
The number of sloth bears is continuously declined over the years. Their total population is estimated to be between 7000 and 10,000. As with most wild animals, the greatest threat to their existance is destruction of their habitat. Many human activities threaten the sloth bears’ survival. Poaching for the bears’ gallbladder, which is used in traditional medicine, is a rampant problem. Habitat loss and fragmentation in the Indian subcontinent are also severe threats, as bears become displaced from their forest homes. So its my humble request to control these activities so that we can save this creatures for the upcoming generations.
By PRATTAY KUNDU
Other News Kolkata
"Agar ab bhi uljha hai, chal suljha le "Manjha Rishton Ka, a short film which premiered on YouTube this Republic Day, gives this short and impactful message through an intriguing plot. It is sure to take the viewers back to the halcyon, and make them nostalgic, to talk about the least.Having been Written and directed by Sanchayan K Ray, magically edited by Aidan Scolt and skilfully captured on camera by Shivam Murarka, the film gets clarity and power. The students subtlety and naturally played their role, as if it is their bailiwick. It is not easy to believe that this is a debut by the team."This production will be the launching pad for more pertinent themes that needs deliberation by the people of all times" - Sanchayan K Ray said on behalf of SKR Productionz, Bubblegum Productions and A$ Productions. Built from scratch and released in a record time, it was accompanied by a series of MisTakes (teasers) and a powerful trailer.The film was highly appreciated by all age groups and attained thousands of views within a short span of it's release. All this wouldn't have been possible without the extended support of Father Bikash Mondal ( Principal, Don Bosco School Park Circus), who also appeared in a cameo role in the film. Have you watched the film? If not, then it's never too late!YouTube - SKR Productionz
The article was published in the TTIS Feb 24 - March 1 edition
Is Team India make comeback in last and final test against New Zealand after loss the first test by 10 wickets?
I think Team India captain Virat Kohli make a mistake by playing Jasprit Bumrah and Prithvi Shaw ahead of Umesh Yadav and Shubman Gill. Both Bumrah and shaw are not in their good form. And the worst batting result the loss of Team India. If those two changes would make then India make the series 1-1.
Will Ms Dhoni make into Indian Team in Upcoming series against South Africa on march?
I think selectors should take MS dhoni into Indian Team. He is all time best WicketKeeper batsman in India as well as in World Cricket. And he is a only cricketer who gets 3 ICC trophies as captain, this is a record. And he deserves to play for country against South Africa and rest of matches of India untill he gets retire of his own will. He is so much experienced and team needs him.
Other News India
The Force Multiplier used by Indian Police! Is it true?
Let us first look at the following twitter thread was posted by Swati Goel Sharma who claims to be a swaraj newspaper reporter and former times of India reporter.
The thread says that police was using Hindus as force multiplier against the people who charged on them. It also suggests that police uses such force multipliers in anti-cow smuggling operations.
Let us understand what is force multiplier. According to military factory website of US department of Defense ‘a capability that when added to and when employed by the combat force significantly increases the combat potential of that force and thus enhances the probability of successful mission accomplishment’. The above definition is a military definition and there is also a general definition ‘increase in set of tools and skills of a person that enhances her capability’. Though the term has been used conventionally in context of combat forces. The key word here is a capability which can be a tool or a skill. For example a hammer is a force multiplier and karate training is also a force multiplier, both of these enhances a person’s capability while former is a tool and later is a skill.
In general terms an MBA degree or a technical training is also a force multiplier.
The term force multiplier has been used in India in past. The union of India and Chhattisgarh government in case Nandini Sundar & Ors vs State Of Chattisgarh a 2011 civil suit used the term in context of special police officers. The Chahhtisgarh Govt with the agreement of union of India formed Salwa Judum, an armed militia of local tribes, to combat Maoist/Naxalite activity. These persons were termed as special police officers. A two judge bench of supreme court decided that it is severe violation of fundamental rights of those employed as ‘special police officers (SPO)’, ensured by article 14 and 21. Such an employment exposes the so called SPOs to grave danger of life. The term force multiplier appears four times in the judgement in para 30, 33 and twice in 74.
The supreme court in the judgement also raises concern over it’s adverse effect on society, current and prospective. Considering the current developments in Indian judiciary, such as clear judgments of lower courts getting an stay order by supreme court if the former court decided against the party ruling in center. In future it is possible for us to see this judgement getting overturned by a bigger 5 judge or 7 judge bench. We are seeing people viewing supreme court as a defender the government and not as the upholder of the constitution.
If we take the tweet of this swaraj news reporter as something to be credible there are several grave concerns that could be raised. The tweet first of all suggests that police has gone against the 2011 judgement of supreme court and second the name riot is the wrong word for this, crackdown or pogrom would explain the situation better. The tweet despite suggesting the above also explains many things from past incidents such as why many persons with no uniform or name badge just police protection kit and a baton were seen during Jamia and UP crackdowns, why the attackers in JNU were escorted by police and left lose, why komal sharma (one of the JNU attackers) is still not arrested, why Kapil Gujjar got such an easy bail despite possessing illegal weapon and using it to threaten people with life, why police was standing idle when Rambhakt Gopal was pointing and later fired a gun at Jamia students, why police has been seen helping Hindu rioters in burning, killing and destroying Muslims and their property, why some witnesses report police directing rioters to Muslim homes, and why police have arrested mainly Muslims post Delhi riots despite it was clear that Hindus were the rioters? The answer to these questions are pretty simple according to this tweet, they all were force multipliers not rioters. The objective of the mission was to break down the protests and radicalized Hindus served as a tool to enhances the probability of successful mission accomplishment.
If we go a bit into past we will see we will see cases of police arresting people for alleged cow smuggling who were already beaten up severely by cow vigilante some times these people died while taking the beatings. This violates article 14 and article 21. In several media reports national and international we have seen these cow vigilante taking honor in this crime on video and police accepting their help. It is obviously a violation of article 14 and 21 but such acts also suggests almost nonexistent sense of constitutionality in the law enforcement agency. Let alone constitutionality even sense of justice is absent. Another similar case as published by Scroll suggests that despite 2011 judgement the police in Uttar pradesh is recruiting Police Mitras translated to Police friends. These friends have similar status as that of SPOs. They are recruited from local communities. They were also used during Anti-CAA protests. It becomes even worse when the recruitment is done from a Hindu extremist organisation Hindu Yuva Vahini. This is called arming the majority against minority.
Some readers may think this is a good news for Hindus and they are safe, then think again. There is always a collateral damage no matter who is the aggressor. If the tweet is true then the police have exposed Hindus to danger of life as every one who is being attacked have a natural right to defend himself in that she may attempt to kill the attacker if threatened by life and property this explains many Hindu deaths. The more dangerous implication is that it instills distrust, fear and anger in members of minority community which can have far worse implications if a country is populated by 20% citizens belonging to religious minority community the largest among them is Muslims constituting 17%. If today the police is using this force multiplier against religious minority tomorrow it may use the same against other minorities which may be caste, ethnic, linguistic or cultural minority.
As swaraj has been representing the point of view of current regime and is seldom critical of government. This tweet is being taken by many as a fact and a reason behind such police inaction.
In the interview with the_wire the former commissioner of Delhi Police Mr Ajay Raj Sharma said the content that creates distrust towards police should be taken down from internet and social media as he says “it may create chaos” and he is true as people stop believing in the law enforcement system they would take law in their own hand. He also suggests that before doing this we must create trust worthy police which is only possible “if the police is insulated from politics”.
To many it sounds a bit too ideal as politics in India often try to command judiciary let alone police and in that to many people it seems fairly successful.
3 patients infected with Corona in Delhi
The effect of the corona virus is gradually visible on the whole country. Today, in Kerala, 5 members of the same family have been affected by the corona virus, while in Chennai it has also seen its effect. Apart from this, according to the latest news, the number of people suffering from Corona virus has reached 40 so far. Meanwhile, in Delhi, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has shared the number of people suffering from Corona virus. The Chief Minister of Delhi said that the number of people suffering from crying so far in Delhi is 3.
Apart from this, he also told that due to three people many more people can fall prey to it. Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal said that while the first person is in contact with 105 people, the same person had contacted 168 people while the third person has contacted 64 people. Contacted people are also being monitored. Samples of all these people are being taken. And through a vigil these people are also being kept in isolation.
CM Kejriwal called a meeting to discuss
Vigilance is being taken throughout the country regarding Corona virus. The case of coronavirus was first reported in the country in Delhi. After the matter surfaced in Delhi, the capital of the country, such news is also coming from different places of the country that Karona India is slowly going on all over India. An important information is coming from Delhi.
Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has called an emergency meeting in the context of coronavirus. Apart from this, Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has also formed a task force. Who will look into the matter related to it. According to the information received from the sources, several decisions have been taken in this meeting regarding Corona virus. In this task force, besides Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, Principal Secretary, Health Secretary, Health Minister, World Health Organization, Municipal Corporation, NDMC and all departments Representatives were present.
Other world news
Тур Квартиры балерины Галины Улановой
Галина Уланова, которая умерла в 1998 году в возрасте 88 лет, была одной из величайших балерин прошлого века. Родилась в Санкт-Петербурге, училась у легендарной Агриппины Вагановой и ее матери, балерины в Императорском балете. Сначала она танцевала в Мариинском театре (большую часть советского периода называли Кировым), но переехала в Москву и Большой театр в 1944 году. Она танцевала до 50 лет, создавая много ролей. Она продолжала преподавать балет и тренировать поколения танцоров.
В 2004 году ее квартира, в просторном многоквартирном доме, на Котельнической набережной (одна из так называемых «Семь сестер») была открыта для публики. Она заполнена памятными вещами балета, а также великолепной мебелью 19-го века, и сотнями книг, предметов искусства и личных вещей. Экскурсия по квартире- это настоящее удовольствие для всех, кто любит русский балет.
Gender situation in Victoria
For last years Australia has become a country with serious gender discrimination and inequality problems. Many companies in Victoria have different roles for men and women, which is unacceptable in the modern world.
Joanne Thom is a mother of three and works in Melbourne Water, she has been several times given vacation to take care after her children. She says it is a problem for women to leave job and to be afraid then not to return or to keep pace. But Mrs Thom was constantly communicating with her boss, who kept her up to date and gave some online trainings.
However, problems still exist. Generally, women receive less salary than men and even retire earlier than men do. Victorian government is going to ask every company once in two years about what they do to equalize men and women in their roles and salaries.
Frozen: пленение красоты Сибири зимой
В то время как в европейских частях России в этом сезоне более мягкие температуры, зимние ветры в Восточной Сибири уже полностью наступили.
Например, в российской республике Саха дневная температура достигла минус 33 градусов по Цельсию. Жестокие холода не смутили жителей, которые придумали свои уникальные способы праздновать погоду.
В это невероятно холодное время года российские социальные сети наполняются фотографиями, показывающими зиму во всех ее проявлениях - от снежных пейзажей до селфи с замороженными ресницами и мгновенно замерзающей воды и одежды.
Вот взгляд на сибирскую зиму глазами местных жителей и гостей города:
Галина Давыдова использовала низкие температуры для создания необычных произведений искусства. Она превратила свою одежду в замороженные скульптуры в считанные минуты. Полученные фотографии получили тысячи лайков в Instagram.
«Идея хорошая, фотографии отличные, идея директивная», - прокомментировал один из пользователей пост.