Lockdown continues across the country d दिल्ली
Summer vacation canceled in all courts
Lockdown continues across the country due to corona infection. Due to this, due to the affected work in the courts, the summer vacation of all the lower courts including the High Court has been canceled in June.
The notification was issued on Monday and sent to all other lower courts, including the High Court.
This step has been taken to compensate for the hardship caused to the people and financial loss of the courts due to the lockdown affecting the proceedings of the courts.
Accordingly, all the courts will operate from June 1 to June 30, which will lead to the proceeding of pending cases due to the lockdown.
Other News by This Author
356 new corona infected found in a single day
Lockdown continues across the country due to Corona infection. But despite the lock down, new corona infected patients are coming in every day.
On Monday, 356 new corona-infected patients have been reported in Delhi. According to the information, out of these 356 patients, 325 tablighi have been found infected and were kept in quarantine centers after being evacuated from Markaz.
The administration has sealed several areas of Delhi by declaring it as a Corona hotspot as new corona patients emerge daily.
No one is allowed to visit these areas. Along with this, a large amount of police force has also been deployed in these areas.
Eight people arrested for violating lockdown
In view of the spread of the corona virus, there is a lock down in the whole country. According to the lock down, a person cannot leave his house.
But some people are not following the orders of the government. Police is also taking strict action against such people. A case of violation of lock down came to light in Delhi on Sunday.
Where some people gathered and participated in a religious ceremony in the gurudwara. On discovering this, the police reached the spot and arrested eight people gathered at the gurdwara.
The incident is from Sisganj Gurudwara in Delhi. A case has been registered against the arrested people under Section 188, Section 269 and Section 279 of the Indian Penal Code.
Medical staff of Maharaja Agrasen Hospital home quarantine
The Maharaja Agrasen Hospital, located in the Punjabi Bagh area of Delhi, has been steadily increasing the number of corona infected health workers. In view of this, 140 health workers have been quarantined here so far.
Also, all the patients admitted in the wards of Agrasen Hospital have been shifted to other branches of the hospital. After which the hospital has also been completely sanitized.
According to the administration, some corona infected patients came to this hospital for treatment. However, all were referred to Covid Hospital after confirmation.
Other News Delhi
Women EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN IN INDIA: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS
The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Indian Constitution in its Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles. The Constitution not only grants equality to women, but also empowers the state to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favour of women. ‘Empowerment’ may be described as a process which helps people to assert their control over the factors which affect their lives. Empowerment of women means developing them as more aware individuals, who are politically active, economically productive and independent and are able to make intelligent discussion in matters that affect them. Present article discusses about various initiatives taken by Government of India for empowering women by analysing position of India in Gender Inequality Index and Global Gender Gap Index of United Nations. Article concludes with the note that due recognition must be given to women and society should come forward to ensure equal status for women in all spheres of life.
‘EMPOWERMENT’ MAY be described as a process which helps people to assert their control over the factors which affect their lives. Empowerment of women means developing them as more aware individuals, who are politically active, economically productive and independent and are able to make intelligent discussion in matters that affect them.1 Women empowerment as a concept was introduced at the International women Conference in 1985 at Nairobi, which defined it as redistribution of social power and control of resources in favour of women.2 The United Nations
1U. Koko, “Empowering People for Health and Family Planning”, IASSI Quarterly, Vol.11, p. 2, 1992.
2Suman Panucha and Ankita Khatik, “Empowerment of Rural Woman”, Social Action, Vol. 55, p. 349, 2005.
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Development Fund for Women (UNDFW) includes the following factors in its definition of women empowerment:
• Acquiring knowledge and understanding of gender relations and the way in which these relations may be changed.
• Developing a sense of self-worth, a belief in one’s ability to secure desired changes and the right to control one’s life.3
Batliwala (1974) defines empowerment as “the process of challenging existing power relation and of gaining greater control over the source of power”. Women’s’ empowerment is seen as the process and the result of the process of:
• Challenging the ideology of male domination and women’s subordinations.
• Enabling women to gain equal access to and control over the resources (material, human and intellectual).4
EMPOWERED WOMEN’S CHARACTERISTICS
(i) Empowered women define their attitude, values and behaviours in relation to their own real interest. They have autonomy because they claim their freedom from existing male hierarchies, whether they live in traditional societies or modern industrial societies.
(ii) Empowered women maintain equal mindedness. They act out roles that challenge male dominance. They respond as equals and co-operate to work towards the common good.
(iii) Empowered women use their talent to live fulfilling lives. They not only survive the harshness of their own subjugation but also transcend their subjugation.
(iv) Empowered women maintain their strength on the face of pressures from the religion and work and contribute towards the empowerment of all women.
(v) Empowered women define their values and formulate their beliefs themselves, they do not derive their sense of being from male authorities nor do they live vicariously through men.5
3V.S. Ganeswamurthy, “Empowerment of Women in India—Social Economics and Political”, New Century Publications, New Delhi, p. 4, 2008.
4R.R. Kumari and K.N. Yadav, “Economic Reform and Empowerment of Women: Issues, Options and Concerns”, in N.K. Thakur and R.N. Thakur (eds) Impact of Economic Reform Policies on Dalit and Weaker Sections, Deep & Deep Publications, New Delhi, p. 106, 2008.
5Suman Parmecha and Ankita Khatik, op.cit., p. 353, 2005.
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Dimensions and Parameters of Women Empowerment
The process of empowerment has five dimensions, viz. Cognitive, psychological, economic, political and physical:
(i) The cognitive dimension refers to women having an understanding of the conditions and causes of their subordination at the micro and macro levels. It involves making choices that may go against cultural expectations and norms;
(ii) The psychological dimension includes the belief that women can act at personal and societal levels to improve their individual realities and the society in which they live;
(iii) The economic component requires that women have access to, and control over, productive resources, thus ensuring some degree of financial autonomy. However she notes that changes in the economic balance of power do not necessarily alter traditional gender roles or norms;
(iv) The political element entails that women have the capability to analyse, organise and mobilise for social change; and
(v) There is a physical element of gaining control over one’s body and sexuality and the ability to protect oneself against sexual violence to the empowerment process.6
The parameters of women empowerment are:
• Raising self-esteem and self-confidence of women.
• Elimination of discrimination and all forms of violence against women and girl child.
• Building and strengthening partnership with civil society particularly women’s organisations.
• Enforcement of constitutional and legal provisions and safeguarding rights of women.
• Building a positive image of women in the society and recognising their contributions in social, economic and political sphere.
• Developing ability among women to think critically.
• Fostering decision-making and collective action.
• Enabling women to make informed choices.
• Ensuring women’s participation in all walks of life.
• Providing information, knowledge, skills for self-employment.
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• Elimination of discrimination against women’s participation in the
– Access to food
– Equal wages
– Property rights
– Family resources
– Freedom of movement and travel
– Access to credit
– Control over savings, earnings and resources
– Guardianship and custody of children and their
• Gender sensitisation training in schools, colleges and other
professional institutions for bringing about institutional changes.7
Women have to swim against the stream that requires mere strength. Such strength comes from the process of empowerment. The women empowerment can be done through providing proper education, health and nutrition facilities.8
Indicators of Women Empowerment
Beijing Conference 1995 had identified certain quantitative and qualitative indicators of women empowerment. These indicators are discussed below:
(i) increase in self-esteem, individual and collective confidence;
(ii) increase in articulation, knowledge and awareness on health,
nutrition reproductive rights, law and literacy;
(iii) increase in personal leisure time and time for child care;
(iv) increase on decrease of workloads in new programmes;
(v) change in roles and responsibility in family and community;
(vi) visible increase on decrease in violence on women and girls;
(vii) responses to, changes in social customs like child marriage,
dowry, discrimination against widows;
(viii) visible changes in women’s participation level attending
meetings, participating and demanding participation;
(ix) increase in bargaining and negotiating power at home, in
community and the collective;
7Sandhya Rani Das, “Empowerment of Women: A Holistic Approach”, Women Education and Development, Discovering Publishing House, New Delhi, 2006, pp. 42-43.
8S. Manikandan, V. Raju and T. Taghu, “Women Empowerment for India’s Development”, Also see, V.S. Ganeswamurthy, op.cit., pp. 173-174, 2008.
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(x) increase access to and ability to gather information;
(xi) formation of women collectives;
(xii) positive changes in social attitudes;
(xiii) awareness and recognition of women’s economic contribution
within and outside the household;
(xiv) women’s decision-making over her work and income.
(a) demographic trends
– maternal mortality rate
– fertility rate
– sex ratio
– life expectancy at birth
– average age of marriage
(b) Number of women participating in different development programmes;
(c) Greater access and control over community resources/ government schemes—creche, credit cooperative, non-formal education;
(d) Visible change in physical health status and nutritional level;
(e) Change in literacy and enrollment levels; and
(f) Participation levels of women in political process.
Components of Women Empowerment: Four components of women’s empowerment are identified:
(i) Acquiring knowledge and an understanding of gender/power relations and ways in which these relations may be changed;
(ii) Developing a sense of self-worth, a belief in one’s ability to secure desired changes and the right to control one’s life;
(iii) Gaining the ability to generate choices and thereby acquiring leverage and bargaining power; and
(iv) Developing the ability to generate, organise or influence the direction of social change to create more just social and economic orders nationally and internationally.9
OBJECTIVES OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT
• To identify gaps in the empowerment of women, development of children and adolescents;
• Create a national network of pubic, private and NGO centres for delivering reproductive and child health services free to any client;
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• To create an enabling environment through convergence with other
• To open more child care centres for working women and expand the availability of safe abortion care;
• To use energy saving devices to reduce drudgery of women;
• To identify the ways in which the effects of policies and programmatic interventions to promote women’s empowerment have been measured;
• To improve access to sanitation, drinking water, fuel, wood and fodder for women;
• To develop health management and health package at all levels;
• To improve accessibility and quality of maternal and child health care services;
• To identify the evidence on how women’s empowerment affects important development outcomes such as health, education, fertility behaviour, income levels, etc.
• Supporting community activities package for women;
• To improve and increase clinical and contraception delivery services;10
• To organise educational and empowerment programmes for girls and women;
• To train resource persons, animators and trainers for activities visualised;
• To conduct and promote experimentations and innovations and research in the problems and programmes of empowerment of rural women;
• To increase awareness in women, for their development to use their talent optimally not only for themselves, but also for the society as a whole;
• To develop the skills for self-decision- taking capabilities in women and to allow them to present their point of view effectively in society;
• To create awareness among women to be truly ambitious and to dream for betterment;
10Meenu Agarwal, “Are Women in India Empowered Enough?” Women Empowerment and Globalization—A Modern Perspective, Kanishka Publishers, Distributors, New Delhi, p.241, 2009.
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• To make efforts in organising the women for fighting against the problems and difficulties related to them; and
• To integrate socio-economic activities with concern for health and environment protection in the light of the rural women culture.11
Women Empowerment in India
The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Indian Constitution in its Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles. The Constitution not only grants equality to women, but also empowers the State to adopt measures of positive discrimination in favour of women. Within the framework of a democratic polity, our laws, development policies, Plans and Programmes have aimed at women’s advancement in different spheres. From the Fifth Five Year Plan (1974- 78) onwards there has been a marked shift in the approach to women’s issues from welfare to development and then from Eighth Five Year Plan emphasis was shifted from development to empowerment. In recent years, the empowerment of women has been recognised as the central issue in determining the status of women. India has also ratified various International conventions and human rights instruments committing to secure equal rights of women. Key among them is the ratification of the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1993. The National Commission for Women was set up by an Act of Parliament in 1990 to safeguard the rights and legal entitlements of women.
The Cairo conference in 1994 organised by UN on Population and Development called attention to women’s empowerment as a central focus and UNDP developed the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) which focuses on the three variables that reflect women’s participation in society— political power or decision-making, education and health. 1995 UNDP report was devoted to women’s empowerment and it declared that if human development is not engendered it is endangered. The Government of India declared 2001 as the Year of Women’s Empowerment (Swashakti). The National Policy for the Empowerment of Women was passed in 2001.
Women Empowerment Policy 2001
Goal and Objectives
1. The goal of this Policy is to bring about the advancement, development and empowerment of women. The Policy will be
11Meenu Agarwal, Bhawana and Anita Rai, “Women Empowerment: Socio-Economic Changes”, Women Empowerment and Globalization—A Modern Perspective, Kanishka Publishers, Distributors, New Delhi, p. 273, 2009.
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widely disseminated so as to encourage active participation of all stakeholders for achieving its goals. Specifically, the objectives of this Policy include:
(i) Creating an environment through positive economic and social policies for full development of women to enable them to realise their full potential.
(ii) The de jure and de facto enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedom by women on equal basis with men in all spheres—political, economic, social, cultural and civil.
(iii) Equal access to participation and decision making of women in social, political and economic life of the nation.
(iv) Equal access to women to health care, quality education at all levels, career and vocational guidance, employment, equal remuneration, occupational health and safety, social security and public office, etc.
(v) Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all forms of discrimination against women.
(vi) Changing societal attitudes and community practices by active participation and involvement of both men and women.
(vii) Mainstreaming a gender perspective in the development process.
(viii) Elimination of discrimination and all forms of violence against women and the girl child; and
(ix) Building and strengthening partnerships with civil society, particularly women’s organisations.
Initiatives taken for Empowerment of Vulnerable and Marginalised Groups and Women in Difficult Circumstances
• Schemes of National Scheduled Tribes Finance and Development Corporation
• Integrated Child Development Scheme
• National Rural Health Mission
• Janani Suraksha Yojana
• Integrated Child Protection Scheme
• Swadhar—A scheme for Women in Difficult Circumstances
• Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS)
• Antyodaya Anna Yojna (AAY)
• Ujjawala—A Scheme for Prevention of Trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Reintegration
• Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana(RSBY)
• Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
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• Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)—A Conditional Maternity Benefit Scheme
• Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG)—Sabla
• Swayam Siddha
• Scheme for Working Women Hostel
• STEP (Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women)
• Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana
• Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY)
• Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)
Gender Budgeting in India
As the nodal Ministry for women, the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) has been undertaking several initiatives for the empowerment of women. In this context, Gender Budgeting (GB) has been adopted by the Government as a tool for ensuring that adequate budgetary commitments are made for women. To build capacities of functionaries and stakeholders at all levels, a Gender Budget Scheme was launched in the XI Plan. As part of this Scheme, the Ministry sponsored training programmes and workshops at the Centre and in the States, developed training material, undertook direct interactive sessions with identified Ministries and provided technical support on GB in training courses organised by other organisations. Checklists for implementing Gender Budgeting by the various Ministries have been laid down and this Ministry is continuously taking up with the other Ministries as well as the state governments to carry forward this exercise. The Scheme also had a component for setting up a Gender Budgeting Cell (GBC ) in the MWCD. In view of the growing GB awareness in both the Central Ministries as well as state governments, the demand for capacity building and technical support has been rising. Further, while detailed training manuals have been prepared for the use of the trainers for Central Ministries, the same need to be developed for state governments. Gender Audit is another emerging area which needs to be focused. To start with, appropriate training modules /manuals are required to be developed and capacities built in gender auditing. The GBC of the Ministry needs to be set up fully to provide support to the growing GB activities.
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The National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW)
The National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW) was launched by the Government of India (GoI) on International Women’s Day in 2010 with the aim to strengthen overall processes that promote all-round development of women. It has the mandate to strengthen the inter-sector convergence; facilitate the process of coordinating all the women’s welfare and socio-economic development programmes across ministries and departments. The Mission aims to provide a single window service for all programmes run by the Government for women under aegis of various Central Ministries. In light with its mandate, the Mission has been named Mission Poorna Shakti, implying a vision for holistic empowerment of women. The National Resource Centre for Women has been set up which functions as a national convergence centre for all schemes and programmes for women. It acts as a central repository of knowledge, information, research and data on all gender related issues and is the main body servicing the National and State Mission Authority.
To strengthen the processes which promote holistic development and empowerment of women, gender equality and gender justice through inter- sectoral convergence of programmes that impact women, forge synergy among various stakeholders and create an enabling environment conducive to social change.
• Inter-sectoral convergence of schemes for women; monitoring and review of progress;
• Strengthening institutional framework for greater efficiency in support to women;
• Focused research, review of schemes, programmes and legislations, and gender audits for evidence based policy-making;
• Investment in skill and entrepreneurship development, micro- credit, vocational training and SHG development for economic empowerment of women; and
• Support to Panchayati Raj Institutions; women’s movements and community representatives for strengthening of local bodies;
• 360 degree approach on media and communication for behaviour change and social mobilisation for gender equality.12
12 Official website of Ministry of Women & Child Development.
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High Level Committee on the Status of Women
The Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India on February 27, 2012 approved the setting up of a High Level Committee on the status of women to undertake another comprehensive study to understand the status of women as well as to evolve appropriate policy interventions based on a contemporary assessment of women’s needs. Although institutional mechanism for women empowerment is quite prominent in India yet situation of state of empowerment in India can be taken from analysis of following trends:
In order to analyse the state of women in a country various methods were designed from time-to-time. The introduction in 1995 of the Gender- related Development Index (GDI) and the Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) coincided with growing international recognition of the importance of monitoring progress in the elimination of gender gaps in all aspects of life. While the GDI and the GEM have contributed immensely to the gender debate, they have conceptual and methodological limitations. Therefore the Gender Inequality Index was introduced as an experimental index in 2010 as part of the 20th anniversary edition of the Human Development Report.13
State of Gender Inequality in India
The Gender Inequality Index (GII) is a new index for measurement of gender disparity that was introduced in the 2010 Human Development Report by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). According to the UNDP, this index is a composite measure which captures the loss of achievement, within a country, due to gender inequality, and uses three dimensions to do so: reproductive health, empowerment, and labour market participation. The new index was introduced as an experimental measure to remedy the shortcomings of the previous indicators, the GDI and the GEM, both of which were introduced in the 1995 Human Development Report.14
As per the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report 2013:India stood at 132nd position out of 187 countries on the gender inequality index—performing worse than Pakistan whose position is 123. All nations in South Asia, except Afghanistan, performed better than India, with Sri Lanka (75) topping them all. Nepal ranked 102nd and Bangladesh 111th. Key factors which put India on such a
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low position in 2013 are given below:
Skewed Sex Ratio: With only 914 females every 1000 males due to
Only 29 per cent of Indian women above the age of 15 in 2011 were a
part of the country’s labour force, compared to 80.7 per cent men. In Parliament, only 10.9 per cent of lawmakers are women, while in Pakistan 21.1 per cent are women.
Education and Health Status of Women in India
Only 26.6 per cent women above 25 years received a secondary education in 2010, compared to 50.4 per cent of men.
Maternal Mortality Ratio: In India, 200 women died every 100,000 child births.
Comparing with other Countries
U.S. : Secondary education to 94.7 per cent women which is a little higher than for men (94.3%).
China: 54.8 per cent of women received secondary education compared to 70.4 per cent for men.
Overall, India has made significant economic progress, improvements are slow on the human development front. On the human development index, India ranks 136th out of 187 countries. In India huge income disparities, gender inequality and the caste divide remain major issues.15
State of Gender Gap in India
The Global Gender Gap Index introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006, is a framework for capturing the magnitude and scope of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress. The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups, and over time. The rankings are designed to create greater awareness among a global audience of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective measures for reducing gender gaps.
The Global Gender Gap Index tries to measure the ‘relative gaps between women and men across countries in four key areas—health, education, economics and politics. The rankings are based on four of sub- indices that measure economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival and political empowerment.
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The World Economic Forum has placed India in the 101st position among 136 countries in the 2013 edition of an annual report that makes a global assessment of the progress made in bridging the gender gap. But India has fared better in terms of the political empowerment of women. India’s gender gap index was 0.655 on a zero to one scale, with zero denoting inequality and one equality. India’s position has improved marginally in recent years; after hovering between positions 114 and 112 between 2007 and 2011 it has now shot to the 101st position. But its best position so far was in 2006 - when it stood 98th. It was ranked 105th in 2012.
It is in the political empowerment arena that India has scored strong, being ranked 9th. The political sub-index measures the gap between men and women at the apex of the political decision-making hierarchy in terms of the ratio of women to men in minister-level positions and in Parliament. The ratio of women to men in terms of years in executive office (Prime Minister or President) for the past 50 years is also taken into consideration. But in the other three, India has not been ranked particularly high—124 in terms of economic participation and equality, 120 for educational attainment and 135 for health and survival.16
Crime against Women in India
Incidence of crime against women in India also hampers women empowerment campaign in India. Table 1 shows head-wise incidents of crime against women during 2008 - 2012 and percentage variation in 2012 over 2011.
Political Participation of Women in India
At the grassroots level 50 per cent reservation given to women in local self-government institutions has improved political participation of women in India yet political participation of women in Legislative Assemblies and Parliament is still quite low in India. Women have adorned the position of President, Prime Minister, Speaker, and Leader of Opposition in politics of India and have proved their worth.
Women Representation in Indian Parliament
Table 2 presents the participation of women in the two Houses of Parliament.
Thus the percentage of women in decision-making positions always remained low. Women do not share the power of decision-making and are not involved in policy making in Indian democracy in proportion to their numerical strength. Thus there is a gap between the formal idea of women’s participation and their meaningful use of power.
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Year 2009 2010
Percentage Variation in 2012 over 2011
Rape (Section 376 IPC) Kidnapping and abduction
(Section 363 to 373 IPC)
Dowry death (Sec. 302 / 304 IPC)
Cruelty by husband and relatives (Section 498-A IPC)
Assault on women with intent
to outrage her modesty (Sec. 354 IPC) Insult to the modesty of women (Section 509 IPC)
Importation of girl from foreign
country (Section 366-B IPC)
Total IPC Crime against Women Commission of Sati Prevention Act, 1987 Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act, 1956 Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986
8 9 10
1 2,659 1,025
0 2,474 845
0 2,499 895
1 2,435 453
-100.0 5.3 -68.9
Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
Total SLL crime against Women Total (A+B)
SOURCE: National Crime Record Bureau Report.17
TABLE 1: HEAD-WISE INCIDENTS OF CRIME AGAINST WOMEN DURING 2008 - 2012 AND PERCENTAGE VARIATION IN 2012 OVER 2011
17http://www.google.co.in/search?tbm=isch85SOurce= univ86sa=X8sei=mSWeU5CYyyuATEoYHADQ&ved=OCDUQsAQ&biw= 1280&bih=699&q=crime%20against%20women%
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TABLE 2. YEAR WISE MEMBERSHIP OF WOMEN IN THE LOK SABHA AND RAJYA SABHA
Year Members in Lok Sabha
Members in Rajya Sabha
Total Female % Members
219 16 7.31
237 18 7.59
238 18 7.56
240 20 8.33 243 17 7.00
1952 499 1957 500 1962 503 1967 523 1971 521 1977 544 1980 544 1984 544 1989 517 1991 554 1996 543
2004 539 2009 543
22 4.41 27 5.40 34 6.76 31 5.93 22 4.22 19 3.49 28 5.15 44 8.09 27 5.22 39 7.17 39 7.18 43 7.92 49 9.0 44 8.2 58 10.6
244 24 9.84
245 24 9.80
223 19 8.52 245 15 6.12 245 19 7.8 245 28 11.4 245 22 8.98
SOURCE: Election Commission of India (www.eci.nic.in)
Women Representation in 16th Lok Sabha
The 16th Lok Sabha has 61 women members, the highest in history. speaker of 16th Lok Sabha is again a woman, Sumitra Mahajan. The present Rajya Sabha has 29 women members. The seven women ministers in the 46-member Council of Ministers have reinforced the new government’s agenda of women empowerment. Six of the 23 Cabinet ministers are women, claiming almost a 25 per cent share. Three of them — Smriti Irani (HRD), Nirmala Sitharaman (Commerce and Industry) and Harsimrat Kaur Badal (Food Processing) — are going to hold their maiden portfolios as ministers. The age profile of these ministers - the youngest Smriti Irani at 38 and the oldest minister of the Cabinet Najma Heptullah at 74 — adds to the spectrum. Sushma Swaraj has got the key position of External Affairs Minister and is also the first woman after three decades to be a member of the all powerful Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS). This may raise
245 29 11.8
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expectations of India’s female population to break the glass ceiling in many other bastions so far dominated by men.18
Thus road map for women empowerment is there but still we have miles to go on this path of empowerment. We hope that in coming years ahead women empowerment will prove its worth. Women are an integral part of a society. They play an important role in determining the destiny of a nation. It has been rightly said by Swami Vivekanand, “The Best thermometer to the progress of nation is its treatment of women”. Therefore, due recognition to them in the society and their greater involvement in socio-economic and political affairs becomes all the more important. Every person should come forward to ensure equal status for women in all spheres of life.
Woman is an incarnation of ‘Shakti’—the Goddess of Power. If she is bestowed with education, India’s strength will double. Let the campaign of ‘Kanya Kelavni’ be spread in every home; let the lamp of educating daughters be lit up in every heart
18The Tribune, May 29, 2014.
NCAER:COVID 19 LOCKDOWN IMPACTS 85% of NCR HOUSEHOLDS
On April 13, 2020, the National Council for Applied Economic Research (NCAER) released its report on survey conducted in National Capital Region (According to the survey, 85% of the households in the NCR are heavily impacted due to COVID-19 outbreak. The survey was conducted through telephonic conversations. About 1800 LABOURS PARTICIPATED.
The casual labourers in the region were affected with 75% of their wages. Only 36.4% of labourers were able to identify the symptoms of COVID-19
correctly. This implies that the region is in need of more customized and cluster testing.Around 95% of the participants agrees that the disease is highly dangerous. The survey says that around two-thirds of the households in the capital capital are affected due to shortage of medical supplies, fuel, food. Amidst these difficulties, 87% of the participants supported the extension of lockdown.
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Earthquake in Delhi for the second time in a day
On Monday, people felt the tremors in Delhi for the second time in 24 hours. Today, for the second time, the intensity of the earthquake is estimated to be 2.7 on the Richter scale.
Earthquake tremors were felt for a few seconds on Sunday evening in Delhi-NCR.
According to the director of the National Seismology Center, Wazirabad in north-east Delhi was the epicenter of the earthquake. Its intensity measured 3.5 on the Richter scale while depth was eight kilometers within the ground.
The tremors were felt around 5.45 pm. The tremors were felt simultaneously in Delhi, Ghaziabad, Noida and Faridabad.
Other News India
Railway employee fined Rs 1000 for not wearing mask
Manpa Commissioner made mandatory for the person who are associated with essential services in the city to wear a mask. But even after this the Government employee did not wear the mask and 1000 rupees was imposed on him.
According to the announcement made by Manpa Commissioner Udit Aggarwal, it is mandatory for the person associated with essential services in the city to wear a mask. Even after this, the employee of the railway hospital violated it, on which he was fined Rs 1000.
Anold Bhai, an employee of the railway hospital affiliated with health services, was fined one thousand rupees for not wearing a mask. In this direction, Manpa has launched the team in 60 places while running the campaign. Till now, action has been taken against 10 people who did not wear masks.
People related to essential services should not be negligent, so Manpa commissioner Udit Aggarwal himself goes for checking. Those who do not wear masks, pay fine to the authorities of those people and inform them. Chairman of the Standing Committee of Rajkot Metropolitan Municipality, Uday Kangard, prepared masks worth Rs 25,000 at his own expense and distributed the masks to the municipal staff, media personnel and policemen.
Failure to wear a mask will result in a fine of 5 thousand or imprisonment for three years.
As the infection is growing day by day, now the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation has decided that people visiting grocery stores, milk-vegetable shops, to wear the mask compulsory. Fine will be imposed of Rs 5000 on those who do not wear masks or be sentenced to three years in jail.
Due to the growing infection of the coronavirus, state governments are taking tough steps to prevent it. At the same time, the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation has decided to impose a fine of Rs 5000 on those who do not wear masks or be sentenced to three years in jail.
Wearing a mask is mandatory. Otherwise a fine of Rs 5000 will be imposed. If fine is not paid, then action will be taken under sections 188, 269,270 and 271 of IPC and section 319 of GPMC Act and Rule 39,40, 53 of Schedule Chapter 14 and Epidemic Diseases Act.
Ahmedabad Municipal Commissioner Vijay Nehra on Sunday said that since Monday it will be compulsory for people visiting grocery stores, milk-vegetable shops, malls, petrol pumps and people working there to wear masks.
Those who do not wear masks will be fined Rs 5000. An FIR will be lodged against the offenders for filing the fine. This crime can also carry 3 years of imprisonment.
BJP corporator Kalpesh Patel took off his pajama in the protest
There was a dispute between the BJP corporator and Congress corporator over the sanitation in their respective wards. BJP Corporator Kalpesh Patel abused the Congress official and meanwhile he came on the roads and removed his pajama.
BJP's corporator Kalpesh Patel took off his pajama in protest in front of the BJP's own municipality. He also abused and went to the office of ward number four.
Due to the Coronavirus, there was a dispute between the two corporators of BJP and Congress over the works. There was a dispute between ward number 4 Congress corporator Chirag Jhaveri and BJP corporator Kalpesh Patel in the case of sanitation in their respective wards. Both created a lot of uproar. During this time, when Kalpesh Patel abused the officials, the Congress opposed it. Meanwhile, Kalpesh Patel came on the road and removed his pajama.
The attacks by the Congress corporators were termed as baseless by the BJP corporators. Meanwhile, Kalpesh Patel said that he is a cultured man.
Other world news
Мнение психологов о последствиях пандемии!
Многие из нас переживают очень большой стресс при вынужденной самоизоляции, ведь привыкли жить в совершенно другом темпе! На данный момент мы изолированы от общения с друзьями, посиделок в кафе и ресторанах, прогулок по паркам и скверам! Да и по просту нет свободы в действиях!
Психологи считают, что плюсы в этом тоже есть. Ведь каждый из нас сможет провести переоценку ценностей для самого себя! Ведь во время пандемии ми точно понимаем, как именно нам не хватает всех тех мелочей, которые делают наш день! Когда это все закончится, звонки родителям перестанут быть вынужденными, привычка выносить мусор или говорить по телефону станет не просто привычкой, а потребностью, без которой нельзя будет провести и дня! Люди будут больше ценить людей и время, проведенное с ними!
Водитель на Mercedes Benz сбил пару в Днепре
12 апреля в Днепре случилось ДТП, виновником которого стал водитель на Mercedes Benz, он сбил супружескую пару, которая прогуливалась по Набережной Победы. Представители власти в короткое время прибыли на место ДТП.
Водитель автомобиля с еврономерами в процессе ДТП травмировал головы, и был направлен в больницу, известно, что он за рулем был в состоянии алкогольного опьянения и пока никаких показаний на этот счет не давал.
На сегодняшний день правоохранительные органы возбудили уголовное дело по части 3 статье 286 Уголовного кодекса Украины, водитель поправив здоровье будет отвечать за свой поступок.